Hand Tools

Saws

Keyhole Saw (or compass saw)
It is used for cutting holes in wood and curves. Its has a handle mounted blade that may be comprised of metal, wood, or plastic and has a gun shape. They have a tooth pattern with 10 to 12 teeth per inch.

Cross Cut Saw
With alternating bevel teeth for rough cutting wood grains. The blade has 8 to 12 teeth per inch.

Panel Saw
Panel saws are perfect for cutting small pieces of wood. It is shorter compared to regular hand saws and is useful for its portability. Panel saw length can be as short as 46-centimeters with 8 to 12 teeth per inches.

Rip Cut Saw
A push stroke handsaw with sharpened teeth top. Its saw length varies from 60 to 70-centimeters with 5 to 7 teeth per inch.

Back Saw
They are used for molding, trimming and fine woodcutting.Back saw blade size can range from 20 to 40-centimeters.

Wallboard Saw
A handsaw for puncturing through a wallboard or a plasterboard.

Flooring Saw
Used for mid-cutting when replacing floorboards with 12 to 15 teeth per inch.

Coping Saw
For cutting delicate patterns on wood.

Japanese Saw
They are made of very thin steel known for its faster cutting power while producing less sawdust. There are 3 major types of Japanese saw namely; dozuki, ryoba and kataba.

Hacksaw
With fine, disposable blades held in tension by front and back pins. It is used in metal cutting such as thin tubing and drill rod with its 18 to 32 teeth per inch.

Bow Saw
They are push and pull handsaws with a round steel frame that is shape like a bow. It is generally used for cutting logs with its crosscut tooth pattern.

Pruning Saw
A pruning saw has a pistol grip with either curved or straight blades perfect for pruning and cutting green wood.

Planes

Scrub Plane
It is a thickness plane and has a the smaller footprint and can quickly plane a board to width as well as thickness.

Jointer Plane
It is used to flatten and true your boards.

Smoothing Plane
It should be set to take thin shavings.

Router Plane
It is very versatile and can do jobs that the router does that could be accomplished with only a saw and chisel.

Chisels

Butt chisel
A short chisel with beveled sides and straight edge for creating joints.

Carving chisels
For intricate designs and sculpting; cutting edges are many; such as gouge, skew, parting, straight, paring, and V-groove.

Corner chisel
It resembles a punch and has an L-shaped cutting edge. Cleans out square holes, mortises and corners with 90 degree angles.

Bevel edge chisel
It can get into acute angles with its bevelled edges.

Flooring chisel
Used for flooring materials for removal and repair; ideal for tongue-and-groove flooring.

Framing chisel
It is usually used with mallet; similar to a butt chisel, except it has a longer, slightly flexible blade.

Slick
A large chisel driven by manual pressure, never struck.

Mortise chisel
A rigid blade with straight cutting edge and deep, slightly tapered sides to make mortises and similar joints.

Paring chisel
It has a long blade ideal for cleaning grooves and accessing tight spaces.

Skew chisel
It has a 60 degree cutting angle and is used for trimming and finishing.

Dovetail chisel
It is made specifically for cutting dovetail joints. The difference being the thickness of the body of the chisel, as well as the angle of the edges, permitting easier access to the joint.

Other tools to Have:

• Clamps
• Mallet
• Miter Box
• Pencils
• Square
• Tape Measure
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